We have recently moved into our new house and were
just conjuring up a tropical paradise in the garden. As far as my
palms are concerned, everything is fine. The Washingtonia robusta
looks splendid, as does my large Jubaea (5 foot).
I purchased more than 30 bamboo plants in an Italian bamboo centre
and planted two quite long hedges with these. I also bought the
P. vivax aureocaulis
P. nuda localis
P. aureosulcata aureocaulis
P. aureosulcata spectabilis.
A friend of mine will also give me some of his black bamboos (P.nigra).
All these types are exceedingly hardy and should not
require any protection even during the most serious of winters.
Additionally I have planted some palms and other exotic
3 Trachycarpus takil (60 - 80 cm)
1 Trachycarpus wagnerianus (130 cm trunk, 200 - 220 cm total height)
1 Chamaerops humilis var. cerifera (50 - 60 cm)
2 Butia capitata (150-160 cm, very stiff and tough leaves and a
2 Camellia japonica
2 Viburnum tinus.
In the next few weeks they will be followed by Albizzia
julibrissin rosea (170 cm), Musa basjoo, and various
Yuccas (Y.baccata, Y.gloriosa, Y.gloriosa >Variegata<). Can
Albizzia be planted close to a house, or do they have strong roots
which could cause havoc at the cellar?
Im still thinking of planting out my large Sabal
minor (150 cm) and Nannorrhops ritchiana (green form, 100 cm height,
with one side-shoot already). Although the green Nanny should be
hardy enough, it is the only one of this size I have and thats
why I still hesitate.
My Nannorrhops arabica are still exceedingly
blue-white and my largest plant is already 30-40 cm in height with
3 divided fans. I think it will become much larger this year. They
are growing really fast with heat. By means of email I got in contact
with someone from southern Austria who has visited this area where
Nannorrhops arabica grows (he said it is called East-Hormozgan-Highland).
His wife is from Iran and he made some scientific tests in this
area and therefore he needed exact weather data, which he passed
to me. Allegedly the AVERAGE LOW where these Nannies grow is -22°C
(!!!!!!!), whereas the average high is +43°C. If youre
interested in more detailed data, this is what he wrote to me (translated
elev: 1373 m
average day temp: 26,5°C (year)
average night temp: 9,6°C (year)
average absolute min: -22,0°C
average absolute max: 43,0°C
mean annual temp: 18,1°C
prec:: 83 mm
days with frost frost: 56.
He wrote that in this area a wind from Afghanistan
-Pamir occurs, which they call the cow-killing-wind.
It occurs nearly every year in winter and with it the temperatures
fall rapidly from 0°C below -20°C. And with strong wind
this can last up to 3 days. The cooling is so enormous that a large
lake (Hamoun) receives an ice-cover up to 10 cm thick. He also said
that in this area Nannies (called Daz-palm by locals) with blue
colour grow which have a height up to 2 meters. I have no idea where
this area is. I do not have a map from Iran where I can see these
details. But Im sure you can tell me whether these statistics
are true. Are they ?
Zahedan is in the south-east of Iran close to the
border with Pakistan. Nannorrhops does indeed grow in this area
but the information you got on the temperatures there sounds just
a little too good to be true. I have precise climatic data from
a town called Seistan just north of Zahedan at 610m a.s.l.:
average annual maximum: 28,3°C
average annual minimum: 13,3°C
absolute minimum: -11,1°C
absolute maximum: 48,3°C
mean annual temp: 20,8°C
precipitation: 80 mm
As you can see the data are very similar, the slightly
higher temperatures at Seistan resulting from its lower elevation,
but the absolute minima differ vastly (it must be the absolute minimum,
not average absolute minimum as you say, as that would be even more
unbelievable). This leads me to believe that the absolute minimum
at Zahedan (the lowest temperature ever recorded there) is no lower
than about -16°C. Not bad either, really. However, please also
take into account that the cold spells there only last for a few
days, that the climate is VERY dry and that the average maximum
in January there is about 10°C in the shade, at least twice
that in the sun where Nannorrhops grow, so on a regular day plants
can warm up considerably during the day. This is a very different
climate from ours in Europe and plants will have to be tried outside
here before one can say how much of our winter weather they are
able to survive. TS
Thanks for your answer. These data sound quite reasonable
if you take the latitude of this place into account. And the average
low was certainly a misinterprtation of mine, because the -22°C
were marked as T min and not as Æ T min. The reason
why I interpreted it wrong was because Bernhard wrote It occurs
almost yearly in winter, that the temperatures drop quickly from
around 0°C to below -20°C and These temperatures
occur regularily. Because of the word yearly I
considered the T min to be the average absolute minimum and not
the absolute minimum. So this is EXACTLY how I received the climatic
Æ day T: 26,5
Æ night T: 9,6
T min: -22,0
T max: 43,0
Æ year T: 18,1
frost x: 56
But what sounds a bit strange is that Bernhard wrote:
The cooling is so enormous that a large lake (Hamoun) receives
an ice-covers up to 10 cm thick. That doesnt sound like
its warming up during the day too much, but I dont know
where he has the data from. The dangerous thing about weather statistics
is that they can easily be misinterpreted if not studied carefully.
Just take the average annual maximum you wrote. I know
that it means the average day temp, but it could also be interpreted
as the average maximum over a number of years. But that wouldnt
correspond with the other data, especially the mean annual temp.
Anyway, Nannorrhops ritchiana and the Iran-form are
interesting palms. And even if the Iran-Nanny is not fully hardy
it is certainly the palm with the most beautiful colouring I have,
because its blue-white is even more intese than that of Brahea armata.
Best wishes, Robert Lackner
26-01-21 - 11:28GMT
|| What's New?
|| New palm book
| Date: 24-05-2004
of Cultivated Palms
by Robert Lee Riffle, Paul Craft.
|| New: Issue 48
| Date: 24-05-2004
has been published in the Members Area.
|| Archive complete!
| Date: 03-12-2002
| All Chamaerops issues can now be found in the archive:
More than 350 articles are on-line!
|| Issues 13 to 16
| Date: 28-08-2002
| Chamaerops mags 13,
have been added to the members area. More than 250 articles are now online!
|| 42 as free pdf-file
| Date: 05-08-2002
Download! Chamaerops No. 42 can be downloaded for free to intruduce the new layout and size to
|| Issues 17 to 20
| Date: 23-07-2002
| Chamaerops mags 17,
have been added to the members area. Now 218 articles online!
|| Book List
| Date: 28-05-2001
a look at our brand new Book List edited by Carolyn Strudwick
|| New Book
| Date: 25-01-2001
by Mario Stähler
This german book tells you all about how to cultivate your palms in Central Europe. more...